What is the Full Form of CBSE in Hindi
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), known as “केंद्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड” in Hindi, is responsible for setting the requirements and conducting the final examinations for the 10th and 12th grades. It also awards qualification certificates to successful candidates from affiliated schools.
CBSE is particularly beneficial for students whose parents are frequently transferred to different locations for work. In such cases, children studying under the CBSE board face fewer difficulties in their education. This is because all schools affiliated with CBSE follow the same curriculum throughout the country.
The work of CBSE involves establishing guidelines for examinations and periodically updating the curriculum.
What is CBSE
The CBSE board is renowned for its emphasis on a comprehensive and holistic education. It aims to foster critical thinking, creativity, and overall development among students. The board incorporates various modern teaching methods and assessment techniques to ensure a well-rounded education for students.
CBSE also conducts competitive examinations such as the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) and the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), which are essential for students aspiring to pursue engineering, medical, or other professional courses. These examinations are highly regarded and widely accepted by universities and institutions across India.
In addition to academics, CBSE promotes extracurricular activities and encourages students to participate in sports, arts, and cultural events. It believes in nurturing well-rounded individuals who possess not only academic knowledge but also skills and values necessary for success in life.
Overall, CBSE plays a vital role in shaping the educational landscape of India. It provides a standardized platform for students, irrespective of their geographical location, and prepares them for higher education and future endeavors.
What is the meaning of NCERT
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organization of the Government of India. It was established in 1961 as a literary, scientific, and charitable society under the Societies Registration Act. Its headquarters are located in Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi. Dr. Hrushikesh Senapati has been the Director of the Council since September 2015.
The Ministry of Education of the Government of India took the initiative to establish the NCERT on July 27, 1961, and it officially commenced its operations on September 1, 1961. The Council was formed by merging seven existing national government institutions, namely the Central Education Institutions.
The NCERT provides curriculum and resources for teachers. It is separate from the National Teacher Education Council. The establishment of the NCERT aimed to design and support a national educational system that promotes national character and encourages diverse cultures throughout the country. In accordance with the recommendations of the Education Commission (1964-66), the first National Policy on Education was released in 1968, which advocated the adoption of a uniform pattern of school education for a 10-year general education program, followed by two years of diversified schooling.
In 1963, the NCERT also played a role in the establishment of the National Talent Search Scheme (NTSS) for science. The objective of this program was to identify and nurture talented students in India and provide them with scholarships. In 1976, the NTSS brought about a significant change by introducing the 10+2+3 pattern in education. The program was renamed as the National Talent Search Scheme (NTSE), and the NTSE examination is now conducted for students in the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades.
Currently, the NTSE examination is conducted only for students in the tenth grade in India. The curriculum for ten-year schools was introduced in 1975, with an emphasis on developing a curriculum based on established principles through research for the NCERT.
During the 1970s, the NCERT was engaged in curriculum research and development activities to reflect the realities of Indian society in educational content and processes.
What is NCERT in Hindi
NCERT stands for the National Council of Educational Research and Training. In Hindi, it is known as “राष्ट्रीय शैक्षिक अनुसंधान और प्रशिक्षण परिषद”.
National Curriculum for Primary and Secondary Education
The revised curriculum framework for primary and secondary education was implemented in 1988, following the National Policy on Education of 1986. It included 12 years of schooling and recommended curriculum restructuring and redesigning instructional materials to make them more child-centered. It advocated for improvements in examinations and advocated for the implementation of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in all stages of education.
National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005
This framework was introduced in 2000. It emphasized the need for a healthy, inclusive, and stress-free adolescence and addressed the need for reduced curriculum content. It recommended a multidisciplinary approach, emphasized environmental education, and separated language and mathematics in the first two years of education.
National Curriculum Framework: Introduction of 2005
In 2005, a new National Curriculum Framework was introduced, prepared by the National Steering Committee. It was based on five guiding principles:
1. Integrating knowledge with life outside the school.
2. Shifting from rote learning to a more experiential approach.
3. Enriching the curriculum for the holistic development of children.
4. Moving beyond textbooks.
5. Making examinations flexible and integrating them with classroom life.
6. Nurturing identity informed by concerns about equity.
The design of the NCERT logo was inspired by remains from the Ashoka period, dating back to the third century BCE, which were found during excavations near Maski in the Raichur district of Karnataka. The motto, taken from the Isha Upanishad, means “learning through eternal quest.” The three intertwined swans represent the threefold functions of the NCERT’s work—research and development, training and extension.
NCERT publishes textbooks prescribed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for classes I to XII in some subjects. Approximately 19 school boards in 14 states have adopted or adapted these books. Those who wish to adopt the textbooks need to send a request to NCERT, which provides them with a soft copy of the books. The content is ready for printing and can be printed with a payment of 5% royalty to the Press and acceptance by NCERT.
The textbooks are in full color and are among the least expensive books available in Indian bookstores. Textbooks made by private publishers are more expensive compared to NCERT’s. According to a government decision in 2017, NCERT will have the special task of publishing central textbooks from 2018 and the role of CBSE will be limited to conducting examinations.
Regional Institutes of Education
Regional Institutes of Education (RIEs), previously known as Regional Colleges of Education, are constituent units of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), New Delhi.
The establishment of RIEs in 1963 by the Government of India covered various regions. The inception of regional institutes aimed at the quality improvement of school education through pre-service and in-service teacher education programs and relevant research, development, and extension activities.
NCERT has an extensive extension program that includes departments of the National Institute of Education, Regional Institutes of Education, Central Institute of Vocational Education, and the Field Interaction and Coordination Units in the states.
Overall, the National Curriculum for School Education, along with the initiatives of the NCERT and RIEs, plays a significant role in shaping and enhancing the quality of education in India.